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the global innovation index 2014 framework

Global Innovation Index 2014 Conceptual Framework

For this seventh edition, the Global Innovation Index 2014 (GII) covers 143 economies, accounting for 92.9% of the world’s population and 98.3% of the world’s Gross Domestic Product (in US Dollars).

Global Innovation Index 2014 (GII) relies on two sub-indices, the Innovation Input Sub-Index and the Innovation Output Sub-Index, each built around key pillars.

Five input pillars capture elements of the national economy that enable innovative activities: (1) Institutions, (2) Human capital and research, (3) Infrastructure, (4) Market sophistication, and (5) Business sophistication. Two output pillars capture actual evidence of innovation outputs: (6) Knowledge and technology outputs and (7) Creative outputs.

Each pillar is divided into sub-pillars and each sub-pillar is composed of individual indicators (81 in total). Sub-pillar scores are calculated as the weighted average of individual indicators; pillar scores are calculated as the weighted average of sub-pillar scores. Four measures are then calculated:

  • The Innovation Input Sub-Index is the simple average of the first five pillar scores.
  • The Innovation Output Sub-Index is the simple average of the last two pillar scores.
  • The overall GII is the simple average of the Input and Output Sub-Indices.
  • The Innovation Efficiency Ratio is the ratio of the Output Sub-Index over the Input Sub-Index.
the global innovation index framework 2014

Global Innovation Index 2014 Conceptual Framework

Adjustments to the Framework in 2014 (details in Annex 2 of the Report)

The GII gathers data from more than 30 sources, covering a large spectrum of innovation drivers and results; privileging hard data over qualitative assessments (only five survey questions are included this year).

The framework is revised and adjusted every year in a transparent exercise. Out of 81 indicators, 64 are identical to GII 2013, and a total of 17 indicators were modified in 2014: four indicators were deleted or replaced, ten underwent methodological changes (new computation methodology at the source, change of scaling factor, change of classification, etc.), and three changed indicator number as a result of the framework adjustments.

Scores and rankings from one year to the next are not directly comparable.Making inferences about absolute or relative performance on the basis of year-on-year differences in rankings can be misleading. Each ranking reflects the relative positioning of that particular country/economy on the basis of the conceptual framework, the data coverage, and the sample of economies—elements that change from one year to another.

Alexandra Bernard
Project Manager
The Global Innovation Index, Cornell University
E-mail: alb298@cornell.edu
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