ABOUT THE GLOBAL INNOVATION INDEX

History of the Global Innovation Index

Innovation is widely recognized as a central driver of economic growth and development. The aim of the Global Innovation Index is to provide insightful data on innovation and, in turn, to assist economies in evaluating their innovation performance and making informed innovation policy considerations.

Since its creation in 2007, the GII has been impactful on three fronts. First, policymakers are now referring regularly to innovation and their innovation rankings as part of their economic policy strategies. Additionally, the GII is now considered a yardstick for measuring innovation by the UN General Assembly, as noted in its resolution on Science, Technology and Innovation for achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at its 74th session in 2019.

Second, the GII allows economies to assess their innovation performance. Economies invest resources to analyze their GII results in cross-ministerial task forces and use the GII to design appropriate innovation and intellectual property (IP) policies.

Third, the GII continues to give a strong impetus for economies to prioritize and collect innovation metrics. By experimenting with new data and evaluating existing innovation metrics, the GII also aims to shape the innovation measurement agenda.

The GII is co-published by Cornell University, INSEAD, and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), a specialized agency of the United Nations. The 2020 edition of the GII draws on the expertise of its Knowledge Partners: the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), Dassault Systèmes—The 3DEXPERIENCE Company, and the Brazilian National Confederation of Industry (CNI), as well as an Advisory Board of eminent experts. For the tenth consecutive year, the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission audited the GII rankings and associated calculations.

CURRENT REPORTS

Global Innovation Index Report 2020
(13th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Executive
Report 2020 (13th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Portuguese
Report 2019 (12th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Chinese
Report 2019 (12th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Key Findings

Key Findings English

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GII 2019 Rankings English

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Key Findings Arabic

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GII 2019 Rankings Arabic

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Key Findings German

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GII 2019 Rankings German

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Key Findings Spanish

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GII 2019 Rankings Spanish

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Key Findings French

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GII 2019 Rankings French

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Key Findings Japanese

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GII 2019 Rankings Japanese

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Key Findings Portuguese

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GII 2019 Rankings Portuguese

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Key Findings Russian

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GII 2019 Rankings Russian

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Key Findings Chinese

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GII 2019 Rankings Chinese

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Key Findings Korean

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PAST REPORTS

Global Innovation Index Report 2019
(12th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Executive
Report 2019 (12th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Portuguese
Report 2019 (12th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Chinese
Report 2019 (12th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Report 2018 (11th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Chinese Report 2018 (11th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Executive Report 2018 (11th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Portuguese Report 2018 (11th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Report 2017 (10th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Portuguese Report 2017 (10th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Report 2016 (9th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Chinese Report 2016 (9th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Report 2015 (8th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Report 2014 (7th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Report 2013 (6th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Report 2012 (5th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Report 2011 (4th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Report 2009-2010 (3th Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Report 2008-2009 (2nd Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

Global Innovation Index Report 2007 (1st Edition)

Full Report(PDF)

GII Framework

The Global Innovation Index (GII) is an evolving project that builds on its previous editions while incorporating newly available data and that is inspired by the latest research on the measurement of innovation. This year the GII model includes 131 countries/economies, which represent 93.5% of the world’s population and 97.4% of the world’s GDP in purchasing power parity current international dollars. The GII relies on two sub-indices—the Innovation Input Sub-Index and the Innovation Output Sub-Index—each built around pillars. Three measures are calculated:

  • Innovation Input Sub-Index: Five input pillars capture elements of the national economy that enable innovative activities.
  • Innovation Output Sub-Index: Innovation outputs are the result of innovative activities within the economy. Although the Output Sub-Index includes only two pillars, it has the same weight in calculating the overall GII scores as the Input Sub-Index.
  • The overall GII score is the average of the Input and Output Sub-Indices.

Each pillar is divided into three sub-pillars, each of which is composed of individual indicators, a total of 80 this year. The GII pays special attention to presenting a scoreboard for each economy that includes strengths and weaknesses and makes the data series accessible (Appendix II); providing data sources and definitions (Appendix III); and detailed technical notes and adjustments to the GII framework, including a detailed analysis of the factors influencing year-on-year changes (Appendix IV). In addition, since 2011 the GII has undergone an independent statistical audit performed by the Joint Research Centre of the European Union (Appendix V).

 

ADVISORY BOARD

In 2011, an Advisory Board was established to provide advice on the research underlying the Global Innovation Index (GII), generate synergies at its stages of development, and assist with the dissemination of its messages and results. The Advisory Board is a select group of leading international practitioners with expertise in the realm of innovation. Its members are from diverse geographical and institutional backgrounds and participate in their personal capacity. We extend our gratitude to all Advisory Board members for their continuous support and our collaboration.

 

 

 GII 2020 ADVISORY BOARD MEMBERS

  • Clare AKAMANZI

    Chief Executive Officer, Rwanda Development Board; Rwanda

  • Robert D. ATKINSON

    President, Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF); the United States of America

  • Audrey AZOULAY

    Director-General, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

  • Dongmin CHEN

    Dean, Innovation and Entrepreneurship; and Professor, Faculty of Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, Peking University; China

  • Fabiola GIANOTTI

    Director-General, European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)

  • Leonid GOKHBERG

    First Vice-Rector, National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE); and Director, Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge (HSE); the Russian Federation

  • Yuko HARAYAMA

    Professor Emeritus, Tohoku University; and Former Executive Member, Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (CSTI), Cabinet Office of Japan

  • Beethika KHAN

    Program Director, National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • Chuan Poh LIM

    Chairperson of the Singapore Food Agency; and Former Chairperson, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR); Singapore

  • Raghunath Anant MASHELKAR

    National Research Professor, Global Research Alliance; Former Director General, Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR); and Former Chairperson, National Innovation Foundation; India

  • Philippe Kuhutama MAWOKO

    Former Executive Secretary, African Observatory for STI, African Union Commission

  • Sergio MUJICA

    Secretary-General, International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

  • Mary O’KANE

    Professor, NSW Chief Scientist and Engineer; Australia

  • Sibusiso SIBISI

    Director, WITS Business School; and Former President and Chief Executive Officer, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR); South Africa

  • Heizo TAKENAKA

    Director, Center for Global Innovation Studies, Toyo University; former Minister of State for Economic and Fiscal Policy; former Minister of State for Financial Services; former State Minister in Charge of Postal Services Privatization; former Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications; and World Economic Forum Foundation Board Member; Japan

  • Pedro WONGTSCHOWSKI

    Chairperson of the Board of Directors, Ultrapar Participações S.A., Embraer S.A., the Brazilian Enterprise for Research and Innovation (EMBRAPII), and the Brazilian Association of Innovative Companies (ANPEI)

  • Houlin ZHAO

    Secretary-General, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

KNOWLEDGE PARTNERS

The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), Dassault Systèmes—a 3DEXPERIENCE Company, and the Brazilian National Confederation of Industry (CNI) collaborate as GII Knowledge Partners, believing in the role of innovation in increasing the competitiveness of nations, enabling economic growth, driving societal changes and building the foundation of a country’s future.

 

  • Johnson
  • 3ds
    • CNI-SEBRAE

CONTACT US

For all general, research, or media inquiries, please contact us at: gii@wipo.int

Main contact persons:

Pamela Bayona

Project Manager

Sacha Wunsch-Vincent

GII Co-Editor