According to Science and Engineering Indicators (SEI) 2014, the U.S. predominance in science and technology (S&T) eroded further during the last decade, as several Asian nations—particularly China and South Korea—rapidly increased their innovation capacities. The U.S. share of the world’s R&D declined from 38 percent to 30 percent between 1996 and 2011. China’s global share grew from just 2 percent to 15 percent during this period.
SEI is published by the National Science Board, the policy making body of the National Science Foundation. This biennial report has a broad range of high quality quantitative data on the U.S. and international S&T enterprise including innovation related areas—R&D, patenting, high technology industry production and trade, clean energy investment, and S&T in the global labor force and education. SEI is factual and policy neutral and does not offer policy options, and it does not make policy recommendations.
Derek Hill, Senior Analyst, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, National Science Foundation