Soon your doctor will prescribe bespoke treatment just for you. This is how

Wednesday, October 30, 2019

Big data and artificial intelligence are set to transform medical science over the next decade. Computing and network power, combined with collaborative innovation across disciplines and countries is driving fundamental breakthroughs in our ability to target specific treatments for specific individuals - otherwise known as personalized medicine.

The National Institutes of Health is building a massive database gathering data from a million people living in the US. This summary from the Global Innovation Index 2019 outlines how the All of Us project will accelerate precision medicine.



Researchers will use the data to explore the potential of precision medicine by looking at individual differences in lifestyle, environment, and biology. Thanks to the increasing use of electronic health records, the falling cost of genomic analysis and the growing sophistication of data science, this is the ideal time to research and develop precision medicine.

The aim is to merge, integrate, and analyze data from a wide variety of sources: biological, environmental, socioeconomic, and geospatial. All of these areas have implications for individualized disease prevention and treatment, as well as for understanding the causes and the solutions to differences in health.

With data from one million or more participants who contribute information over a long period of time, researchers may be able to:

- Develop ways to measure risk for a range of diseases based on environmental exposure, genetic factors, and interactions between the two;

- Identify the causes of individual differences in response to commonly used drugs;

- Discover biological markers that signal increased or decreased risk of developing common diseases;

- Use mobile health technologies to correlate activity, physiological measures, and environmental exposure with health outcomes;

- Develop new disease classifications and relationships;

- Empower study participants with data and information to improve their own health; and

- Create a platform to enable trials of targeted therapies.

NIH hopes that data from a diverse pool of All of Us participants will create a valuable research resource capable of supporting the development of new medical insights. Such insights will ensure that people from all walks of life, all around the world, will be healthier than ever.


This piece is extracted from Innovation and Health: How big data, artificial intelligence, and other technologies are changing healthcare

The Global Innovation Index 2019 is the result of a collaboration between Cornell University, INSEAD, and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) as co-publishers, and their Knowledge Partners, Confederation of Indian Industry, Dassault Systemes, Sebrae, Brazilian Micro and Small Industry Support Services, and Brazilian Confederation of Industry.

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